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Passive Voice is a form of sentence in which the subject of the sentence receives the action, not performs the action. Unlike active voice, which focuses on the party taking the action, this form focuses more on the party or object that receives the result of the action.
|Passive Voice Subject||:||Subjected to Work|
|Verb Passive Voice||:||Meaning In / Ter|
|Archetype||:||Be + Verb 3|
|Tenses||:||10 Tenses (8 Continuous Tenses, 2 Continuous (Present Continuous, Past Continuous))|
|Pattern||:||Subject + Be + Verb 3 + By Agent / Does|
Below is a simple example of the difference between the use of passive voice sentences and active voice sentences:
|Active voice Denis kicks the ball||Denis kicks off the ball|
|Passive voice The ball kicked by Denis||The ball is kicked off by Denis|
Below are examples of tenses contained in Passive Voice:
|Present||Is, Am, Are + Verbs 3||Is, Am, Are + Being + Verbs 3||Have/has + Been + Verbs 3|
|Past||Was, Were + Verbs 3||Was, Were + Being + Verbs 3||Had + Been + Verbs 3|
|Future||Will + Be + Verbs 3||Will + Have + Been + Verbs 3|
|Past Future||Would + Be + Verbs 3||Would + Have + Been + Verbs 3|
To make a passive sentence in English, of course, it must have a load, the following are the terms and conditions for making a passive sentence:
|Passive Voice Terms|
|Make sure the conditions are met|
|In the form of Verbal Sentences|
|Verbal Sentence In the form of transitive verb (Need object)|
|Steps to make Passive Voice|
|Drag the object of the active sentence to become the subject of the passive sentence|
|Fox tenses active so tense passive|
|Pull the subject of the active sentence to be By Agent in the passive sentence|
Below is an example of changing active tenses to passive sentences and below there will be a detailed explanation.
|Active Wardi washed a car|
|Passive A car was washed by Wardi|
In the sentence Active Voice let’s see the pattern as usual, there is a Subject verb and an object with the tenses used are Simple Past. The subject of the Active Voice is Wardi then the verb is washed then for the object is A car.
We compare it with passive sentences, there are differences there, starting from the subject, in passive sentences, the subject changes to A car while in Active A car is an object, according to the steps, Subject in Active voice we pull back by making it as By Agent.
Object in Active Voice drag it back to Subject Passive and then Verb from Passive we adjust to the pattern that is must Be + Verb 3in Active Sentence we see there are no members Bethen the passive sentence must be added according to the tenses.
If the tenses in the Active Sentence are Simple Past then the passive sentence must also have the Simple Past tense, because the active sentence is the Simple Past tense, then there is an addition Was and verb 3 of wash is Washed. The pattern is finished and Passive Sentence already formed.
By Agent is written in a sentence if it is considered important and adds information
|Active Denis recites Al-Qur’an|
|Passive Al-Qur’an is recited by Denis|
By agent may also not be written in the sentence if it is considered not important and does not add information. Here are the types by agent which does not need to be written in a sentence:
By agent does not need to be written if In the form of Indefinite PronounExample :
|Active Some one is looking for you|
|Passive You are looked for (Someone) (Someone may not be written)|
By agent does not need to be written if Already known by the general publicexample :
|Active The government built Monas|
|Passive Monas was built (By the government may not be written)|
By agent does not need to be written if Form of Profession from Verbexample :
|Active The pilot fly a plane|
|Passive The Plane is flown (by Pilot may not be written)|
Not all sentences can be passive right, there are some sentences that can’t be passive right, below are sentences that can’t be passive right:
Sentences can’t be passive, right? in the form of nominal sentencesExample :
|Rico is a soldier|
Sentences can’t be passive, right? Ordinary Verb In the Form of Intransitive (No Object Needed), Example:
|Santos sleeps in the class (Sleep doesn’t need an object)|
Sentences can’t be passive, right? Ordinary Verbs in the Form of Certain TransitivesHere are its members:
Special for verb Havethe meaning can be passive, the way is Have replaced with Belong to.
Example of sentence usage:
|The child lacks vitamins (can’t be passive right)|
|Ical has a new car|
|A new car belongs to ical (Active pattern but passive meaning)|
Sentences can’t be passive, right? There is a Cognate ObjectExample :
|Santos sleeps a sound sleep (Can’t be passive right)|
|Santos sleeps in the class (Sleep doesn’t need an object)|
Meaning of Cognate Object the same as the meaning of Adverb.
Explain about Cognate Object Previously, the cognate object is a derived object from Verb, its members are as follows:
|Sleep||A sound sleep||Soundly||quiet|
|Dream||A strange dream||Strangely||Nightmare|
|Laugh||A bitter laugh||Bitterliy||Laughing|
|Live||A good life||Well||Well|
Passive voice also has several variants or types, below are the variants of passive voice:
Capital is an additional verb, there are lots of modal members, now for modal variants in passive voice one of them is pure modal, pure modal members are: can, will, must, should, shall, may, might. Now in this example we use modals from simple tenses by using the following pattern:
|Subject + modal + be + verb 3 + By agent|
|Active Tomorrow santos will visit ira. (using simple futures capital)|
|Passive Ira will be visited by santos tomorrow.|
Capital there is also a expression substitute for capital or commonly referred to as SEOM (Similiar Expression of Modal), now the Passive voice variant can also use this form too, the members of SEOM are as follows:
|Be able to||Can||Can|
|Be going to||Will||Will|
|Be allowed to||May||Can|
|Have got to|
The pattern that will be used to make sentences is as follows:
|Subject + SEOM + Be + Verb 3 + By Agent|
Below is an example of using passive voice sentences in Modal Variants
|Active Santos is able to buy the Bikes.|
|Passive The bike is able to be bought by Santos.|
Suppose we give an example for Yes/No question, in the example sentence Yes/No question, he has the following pattern:
|Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Verb 3 + By Agent + ?|
Below is an example of using passive sentences in Variant Questions for Yes/No Questions
|+ The flower is being watered by Santos.|
|? Is the flower being watered by Santos ?|
Now we make it using Information Question, since there are many kinds of information question, I will give an example of question word
verb Auxiliary on Question what/who must singular or single, for example is, has, etc.
Below is an example of using passive sentences in Variant Questions for Information Questions
|+ The men have been helped by me.|
|? Who has helped by me ?|
Actually there are many more for example from Variant Question, there is such a thing as asking other than an object, asking for a verb, asking for an adverb and so on. But this is enough, only the type of question word is different, the pattern is the same as this discussion.
So that’s it for the Passive Voice material. Happy learning, if you don’t understand, you can ask in the comments column, we will discuss together, see you papay.
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