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Perfect Tense is a verb that is used to express an activity or situation that has started in the past and the incident is still continuing until now or the event has been completed but the effect is still felt today.

Usually this verb is used when talking about experiences or changes that involve a place. The basic pattern of this tense is Have + Verb 3 for verbal sentences, and Have + Been + Complement for nominal sentences. The meaning of the pattern is:

Meaning
+
Already
Not yet
?
Is. . .Already / Have . . .
-?
Is. . .Not yet / Not yet . . .

There are several time signals for these tenses, below are the time signals of the perfect tense:

1 Just

The position of the sentence for this time signal is in the middle. Example of sentences :

Example of sentences
+
Denis only just seeing her
+
Denis has just seen her


Explanation

There is a sentence Denis just saw himbefore the verb can be seen there is the word only just in that sentence, it is Time Signal belongs to perfect tenses.


2 Already

The position of the sentence for this time signal is in the middle. Example of sentences :

Example of sentences
+
Bejo already finished his job
+
Bejo has already finished his duty

3 Notes. . .Yet

The pattern for this section is:

Subject + Have/has + Not + Verb 3 + Object + Yet

The following is an example of using the sentence:

Example of sentences
+
Marco has note taken a nap yet

There are several other variations for the meaning not yethere are other variations of the meaning yet:

Variation of Meaning Not yet
1
Subject + Have / Has + Yet + To Infinitive
2
Subject + do / does + not + Verb 1 + Yet (Present)
3
Subject + did + not + Verb 1 + yet (Past)
4
Subject + is, am, are (Present Nominal)
5
Subject + was, were (Past Nominal)

Example of sentence usage:

Example of sentences
+
Santos hasn’t had a nap yet.
+
Santos has not taken a nap yet.
+
Santos has yet to take a nap.
+
Santos does not take a nap yet.
+
Santos did not take a nap yet.

4 Adverb of Frequency

Members of the adverb of frequency itself are: Always Seldom usually often Rarely

Examples of using sentences from adverb of frequency:

Example of sentences
+
Graceful it’s rare meet Risky
+
Graceful has seldom met Risky

5 Adverb of Duration

The members of this adverb of duration are:

Member Meaning
Up to now To date
Up to the present
Until now
recently Recently
Lately Lately
so far So far
All + Time Throughout


For all members of the Adverb of Duration must be memorized


The following is an example of the use of sentences in the adverb of duration:

Example of sentences
+
So far, Mr. Bolo already has two cars
+
so farBolo has had two cars

5 Special Time Duration

Special time duration has several members, the following are the members of special time duration:

# Since

Time duration Since here the function is to indicate the start time of the event. The pattern of this time duration is:

Since pattern
As Conjunction
Subject + Verb since Subject + Verb
As Preposition
Since + Adjective of Preposition

The following is an example of the use of sentences for time duration Since:

Example of sentences
+
Joko has studied grammar since she is small
+
Joko has studied grammar since he was child

# For (During)

Time duration For here serves to show the time and has the meaning of During. The pattern of this for is:

Pattern For
As Preposition
For + Object of Preposition


a Since + Last Time + Ago (… ago)
b For + The last + Time (… Last)


That’s all the Present Perfect material this time, If friends want to ask questions, please ask in the comments column, thank you for visiting my blog, See you papay.





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